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Since 1971, the federal government has adopted increasingly stringent standards for smog-forming emissions from motor vehicles. S2. (b) has a motor that produces 8 kW (10.73 bhp) or less, (c) is intended for use exclusively in parades, exhibitions and demonstrations, and, (d) bears a label, permanently affixed in a conspicuous position, stating that the vehicle is not to be used for public transportation, but is intended for use in parades, exhibitions and demonstrations; (réplique d’ancien modèle), antique vehicle means a vehicle more than 30 years old that, when restored to a condition comparable to that on the date of its manufacture, retains the original components or incorporates replacement components with original design characteristics; (ancien modèle), approved means approved by the Minister; (approuvé), ASTM means the American Society for Testing Materials; (ASTM), attachment hardware means the hardware designed for securing the webbing of a seat belt assembly to a vehicle; (pièces de fixation), automatic-locking retractor means a retractor incorporating adjustment hardware that has a positive self-locking mechanism that is capable, when locked, of withstanding restraint forces; (rétracteur autobloquant), automatic occupant protection system means a protective restraining system for an occupant of a vehicle that does not require any deliberate action on the part of the occupant to be activated where that occupant enters, occupies or leaves the vehicle; (dispositif automatique de protection de l’occupant), auto transporter means a truck and a trailer designed for use in combination to transport motor vehicles where the truck is designed to carry cargo other than at the fifth wheel and that cargo is to be loaded only by means of the trailer; (porte-autos), back door means a door or door system on the back of a motor vehicle through which passengers can enter or leave the vehicle or cargo can be loaded or unloaded, but does not include, (b) a door or window that is composed entirely of glazing material and whose latches or hinge systems are attached directly to the glazing material; (porte arrière), backup system means a portion of a service brake system, such as a pump, that automatically supplies energy in the event of a primary brake power source failure; (système de secours), battery charging indicator means a device showing whether the battery is being charged or discharged; (indicateur de charge), battery charging tell-tale means a signal that, when alight, indicates that the battery is not being charged; (témoin de charge), beam contributor[Repealed, SOR/96-366, s. 1], body type means the general configuration or shape of a vehicle distinguished by the number of doors or windows, cargo carrying features, the roofline (e.g., sedan, fastback, hatchback) or other characteristics; (type de carrosserie), bonded construction sealed beam headlamp[Repealed, SOR/96-366, s. 1], booster cushion[Repealed, SOR/98-160, s. 1], booster seat has the same meaning as in subsection 100(1) of the Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Seats Safety Regulations; (siège d’appoint), brake fluid[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1], brake hose assembly[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1], brake hose end fitting[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1], brake power assist unit means a device installed in a hydraulic brake system that reduces the amount of muscular force that a driver must apply to actuate the system, and that, if inoperative, does not prevent the driver from braking the vehicle by a continued application of muscular force on the service brake control; (unité d’assistance de frein), brake power unit means a device installed in a brake system that provides the energy required to actuate the brakes, either directly or indirectly, through an auxiliary device, with driver action consisting only of modulating the energy application level; (unité de servo-frein), braking interval means the distance measured from the point of initiation of one brake application to the point of initiation of the next brake application; (intervalle de freinage), buckle means a quick-release connector that secures a person in a seat belt assembly or a built-in restraint system; (attache), built-in booster cushion[Repealed, SOR/2013-117, s. 1], built-in booster seat means a device that, (a) is an integral part of a vehicle seat, and, (b) is designed to seat a person whose mass is at least 18 kg, to ensure that the seat belt assembly fits properly; (siège d’appoint intégré), built-in child restraint system[Repealed, SOR/2013-117, s. 1], built-in dual-purpose restraint system[Repealed, SOR/2013-117, s. 1], built-in restraint system means a device that, (b) is designed to restrain only a person whose mass is more than 10 kg but not more than 41 kg; (ensemble intégré de retenue), bus means a vehicle having a designated seating capacity of more than 10, but does not include a trailer; (autobus), bus trailer means a vehicle having a designated seating capacity of more than 10 and designed primarily to be drawn behind another vehicle; (remorque-autobus), C-dolly means a trailer converter dolly that is equipped with a single axle that is self-steering and with a coupling that is so designed that when the trailer converter dolly is coupled to a towing trailer, the trailer converter dolly cannot pivot horizontally with respect to the towing trailer; (chariot de conversion de type C), cable reel trailer means a vehicle designed to be drawn behind another vehicle for the exclusive purpose of carrying a drum or reel of cable; (chariot dérouleur), cargo-carrying capacity means the mass that is equal to or less than the result obtained by subtracting from the gross vehicle weight rating the sum of, (b) the product obtained by multiplying the designated seating capacity by 54 kg, in the case of a school bus, or by 68 kg, in any other case, and, (c) in the case of a vehicle having living or sanitary accommodations, the mass of its fresh water, hot water and propane tanks, but not its waste water tanks, when full; (capacité de chargement), chassis-cab means an incomplete vehicle, other than an incomplete trailer, with a completed occupant compartment that requires only the addition of a cargo-carrying surface, work-performing equipment or a load-bearing component to perform its intended functions; (châssis-cabine), check digit means a single number or the letter “X” used to verify the accuracy of the transcription of the vehicle identification number; (unité de contrôle), child means a person whose mass is more than 10 kg and not more than 30 kg; (enfant), child restraint system[Repealed, SOR/98-160, s. 1], CMVSS is an abbreviation for Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standard; (NSVAC), competition car[Repealed, SOR/2000-182, s. 1], competition motorcycle[Repealed, SOR/2000-182, s. 1], competition snowmobile[Repealed, SOR/2000-182, s. 1], competition vehicle means a vehicle that is designed for use exclusively in closed-course competition and, (a) bears a label affixed by the manufacturer stating, in both official languages, that the vehicle is a competition vehicle and is for use exclusively in closed-course competition, or, (b) is accompanied by a signed declaration clearly indicating that the vehicle is a competition vehicle and is for use exclusively in closed-course competition; (véhicule de compétition), completed vehicle means a vehicle that needs no further manufacturing operations to perform its intended function, other than the addition of readily attachable components, such as mirrors or tire and rim assemblies, or minor finishing operations such as painting; (véhicule complet), compliance label means the label required to be applied to a completed vehicle under section 6 or 6.6; (étiquette de conformité), compressed natural gas or CNG means natural gas, composed predominantly of methane, compressed at pressures up to 20 680 kPa (3,000 psi); (gaz naturel compriméorGNC ), contactable surface[Repealed, SOR/98-160, s. 1], control means the part of a device that enables the driver to bring about a change in the state or functioning of a vehicle or vehicle component; (commande), convertible means a vehicle that has an A-pillar or windshield peripheral support, the upper portion of which is not joined by a fixed rigid structure to the B-pillar or other rear roof support to the rear of the B-pillar; (décapotable), CSA means the Canadian Standards Association; (CSA), curb mass means the mass of a vehicle with standard equipment and carrying its maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant and includes the mass of any air-conditioning equipment on the vehicle and the amount by which the mass of any optional engine with which the vehicle is equipped exceeds the mass of the standard engine; (masse à vide), curb weight means the weight of a vehicle with standard equipment and carrying its maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant and includes the weight of any air-conditioning equipment on the vehicle and the amount by which the weight of any optional engine with which the vehicle is equipped exceeds the weight of the standard engine; (poids à vide), CUSMA has the meaning assigned by the definition Agreement in section 2 of the Canada–United States–Mexico Agreement Implementation Act; (ACEUM), custom restraint system for disabled persons[Repealed, SOR/98-160, s. 1], cutaway chassis means an incomplete vehicle that has the back of the cab cut out for the intended installation of a structure that permits access from the driver’s area to the back of the vehicle; (châssis tronqué), date of manufacture means the day, month and year on which the main assembly of the vehicle was completed; (date de fabrication), daytime running lamp means a lamp that produces a steady-burning light signal intended to improve the visibility of a vehicle from the front and the front sides; (feu de jour), demountable rim means a supporting member for a tire or tire and tube assembly, that does not have a permanently attached centre component; (jante amovible), designated seating capacity means the designated seating capacity determined in accordance with section 2.3; (nombre désigné de places assises), designated seating position means a location in a vehicle that is likely to be used as a seating position and that has a seating surface width of at least 330 mm; (place assise désignée), disabled person means a person who, for orthopaedic reasons or because of the person’s build or other physical characteristics, requires a vehicle that has been adapted to accommodate their disability; (personne handicapée), disc wheel means a supporting member for a tire or tire and tube assembly, comprising a rim with a dish-shaped component that is permanently attached to the inner circumference of the rim; (roue à disque), display means, except in section 101 of Schedule IV, an indicator, a tell-tale or an alphanumeric readout, or a collection of indicators, tell-tales and alphanumeric readouts, on the instrument panel of a vehicle; (affichage), driver means the occupant of a vehicle seated immediately behind the steering control system; (conducteur), driver-operated accelerator control system means all components of a vehicle, except the fuel metering device, that regulate engine speed in direct response to movement of the driver-operated control and that return the throttle to the idle position upon release of the driver-operated control; (système de commande d’accélération actionné par le conducteur), ECE means the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Inland Transport Committee; (CEE), effective projected luminous lens area[Repealed, SOR/96-366, s. 1], emergency brake means a mechanism designed to stop a vehicle after a failure of the service brake system; (frein de secours), emergency-locking retractor means a retractor incorporating adjustment hardware that has a locking mechanism that is activated by vehicle acceleration, webbing movement in relation to the vehicle or other automatic action during an emergency, and is capable, when locked, of withstanding restraint forces; (rétracteur à blocage d’urgence), emergency vehicle means any fire-fighting vehicle, ambulance, police vehicle or other vehicle that is used for the purpose of an emergency; (véhicule de secours), enclosed motorcycle means a motorcycle that. , identified by the part number and subject apply to school buses a list of parts, by. 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