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Welcome to the ECHA website. According to the annexes to the directive, storage areas and containers containing chemical substances or mixtures that are classified as hazardous according to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC) must be marked and/or labeled. Ammonium nitrate sellers will be required to deny sale or transfer of ammonium nitrate to individuals who: Do not possess a valid AN Registered User Number accompanied by a valid photo ID. The POPs Regulation bans or severely restricts the production and use of persistent organic pollutants in the European Union. It teaches absolutely nothing and makes assumptions about someone they never even met. This process exploits the solubility of NH 4 ClO 4, which is about 10% of that for sodium perchlorate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and Documentation is available for legal inspection. While the harmonized list covers many hazardous substances, other ones not listed may also meet the classification criteria in accordance with the CLP. Understanding REACH This Directive establishes rules for the safe transport of dangerous goods between EU countries by road, rail, and waterway. The Colorado River below Lake Mead, which supplies drinking water for approximately 20,000,000 people, is contaminated by ammonium perchlorate. All those chemicals now technically require an authorization to purchase. Is ammonium perchlorate explosive and legal? 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex I - ADR, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex II - RID, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex III - AND, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work, Safety and/or Health Signs at Work Directive, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Substances of very high concern identification, Recommendation for the Authorisation List, Getting started with EU chemicals legislation, Classification of substances and mixtures, Harmonised classification and labelling (CLH). If it’s not treated right and handled in the most secure conditions, it can have dangerous consequences. Looking for abbreviations of AP? The dissociation constants for perchloric acid HClO4, which is not the subject of the present dossier (on ammonium perchlorate), are -7 (pKa) and 21 (pKb) at 25°C in water, confirming that perchlorate ion is the stable form in water (SK Lower). I'd like to know how they compare to each other and to ammonium nitrate when used as rocket motors (with fine dark aluminium power as a fuel) in terms of performance, safety, handling, structural integrity, specific fuel impulse etc.. Big aerospace companies such as the NASA use ammonium perchlorate in combination with aluminium as well as a binder such as polybutadiene acrylonitrile, or PBAN, bringing both components together in a rubber … 1:608 1956]. It is a powerful oxidizer. What is ammonium perchlorate and what is it for? It is principally used as an agricultural fertilizer, in the manufacturing of first aid products (such as cold packs), and explosives used in the mining and construction industries. Close Find out more on how we use cookies. Perchlorate affects the ability of the thyroid gland to take up iodine, an important chemical needed to make hormones that regulate many body functions after they are released into the blood. In the case of large fires, enormous amounts of toxic fumes or gases are released and irritants that are very detrimental to the health of any person, so it will be necessary to evacuate the area and try to prevent the fire from spreading. US3288560A - Preparation of ammonium perchlorate - Explosions have occurred in propellant formulations containing ammonium perchlorate to which 1 Not permitted to be carried in limited quantities. The top countries of supplier is China, from which the percentage of ammonium perchlorate supply is 100% respectively. Hello everyone, I've recently become interested in chemistry and pyrotechnics, and have spent a rather large amount of time trying to find a few essential chemicals, to no avail. The classifications of the substances listed in the database are based on their harmonized classifications per Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC). Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals, Chemical Agents Directive and Carcinogens or Mutagens Directive, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. Decomposes at 130°C and explodes at 380°C [Mellor 2 Supp. Tetrabutylammonium perchlorate 1923-70-2 1-Butanaminium, N,N,N-tributyl-, perchlorate Tetrabutyl ammonium perchlorate Tetra-n-butylammonium perchlorate 1-Butanaminium, N,N,N-tributyl-, perchlorate (1:1) MFCD00038722 This database contains substances that have been assigned hazard property (HP) waste codes 1-15, as defined in terms of the hazard class & category, hazard (H) statement, and/or concentration limits provided in Annex III of the Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC). It is Ammonium perchlorate. Note that this list is not exhaustive. This list contains biological and chemical agents, in accordance with Art. B. mit 10 % Wasser) ist der Stoff nicht explosionsgefährlich, aber brandfördernd. Thinking someone is a … Ammonium perchlorate is a white solid which is soluble in water and is colorless. Among the main uses of ammonium perchlorate, it stands out as a propellant for solid fuel rockets, fireworks, gunpowder, light signals, model rockets, or explosives. The Waste Framework Directive aims to protect the environment and human health from the generation and management of waste and to improve efficient use of resources. Home. It is a colorless or white solid that is soluble in water. It covers their hazardous properties, classification and labelling, and information on how to use them safely. Ammonium Perchlorate Composite Propellant (APCP) As a result of a long-running lawsuit by the TRA, APCP was removed from BATFE's Explosives List in 2009 . It is the salt of perchloric acid and ammonia Many countries make large purchases of ammonium perchlorate for the military from factories or entities that produce, of which they prefer not to provide any information. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical that exists in multiple concentrations and physical forms. Therefore, molar mass of ammonium perchlorate = 117.5 g. We know that, 2 x 117.5 = 235 grams of ammonium perchlorate is required to produce 28 grams of nitrogen. Explosions have occurred in propellant formulations containing ammonium perchlorate to which ferrocene has been added as a burning rate catalyst. Ammonium perchlorate (NH,CIO) is a powerful solid rocket fuel, used in the Space Shuttle boosters. A fire of such magnitude will be the flooding of the area with large amounts of water or the most suitable extinguishing medium. Ammonium perchlorate (AP) is produced by reaction between ammonia and perchloric acid. Ammonium perchlorate ("AP") is an inorganic compound with the formula NH4ClO4. This database contains the ADR's Dangerous Goods List, as implemented by the EU's Directive 2008/68/EC. It is substantially more sensitive to ignition from friction or impact (when mixed with other chemicals) than Potassium Perchlorate is. While the harmonized list covers many hazardous substances, other ones not listed may also meet the classification criteria in accordance with the CLP. Ammonium perchlorate is a chemical substance that is only manufactured and supplied by professionals. Bei Kontakt treten starke Reizungen an den Schleimhäuten … Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the Ammonium Perchlorate Contamination of Colorado River Drinking Water is Associated With Abnormal Thyroid Function in Newborns in Arizona Brechner, Ross J. MD, MS, MPH; Parkhurst, Gregory D. BS; Humble, William O * Ammonium Perchlorate is a HIGHLY REACTIVE CHEMICAL and a DANGEROUS EXPLOSION HAZARD. For this reason, not every company has the legal rights to sell ammonium perchlorate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no In contact with other combustible materials, organic matter, reducing agents such as sulfur, phosphorous there is a risk of large fires. A powdered mixture with aluminum and water can explode [NFPA 491M 1991]. The EU Ecolabel may not be awarded to substances or mixtures classified as such. In the process, a recovered ammonium perchlorate solution is contacted with activated carbon, preferably by passage through a packed column. This Directive establishes rules for the safe transport of dangerous goods between EU countries by road, rail, and waterway. Is colorless concentration of the status listed. from friction or impact ( when mixed other. Brief Profile is covered by the EU chemicals legislation concentrations and physical forms and. 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