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Like other loose leaf types, oak leaf lettuces tend to be heat tolerant and bolt resistant. Type Of Lettuce For Salad. Pepper Type. This variety produces dense 8- to 12-inch heads with serrated outer leaves and a tight, crunchy heart. Introduced in 1771 by the French seed company Vilmorin-Andrieux, ‘Oakleaf’ has green, lobed leaves with a delicate, tender texture and sweet, mild flavor. Maturing in just 60 days with 10- to 12-inch-long leaves, this variety looks as good in the garden as it does on the plate! Find seeds in a variety of packet sizes from Eden Brothers. Why not try tossing some shredded crisphead in with some Thai noodles, or layering it into tacos, as in this recipe for crunchy beef tacos from our sister, site Foodal? ‘Bronze Mignonette’ prefers a full sun location, and will tolerate a light frost. With all these choices, even the most ardent veggie-phobes or demanding foodies will find a lettuce to love. It’s also fast to mature and can be snipped for mesclun only a few weeks after seeding. You can harvest them early if you’re a fan of baby greens. Red leaf, green leaf, and oak leaf are all examples of leaf lettuce. Maturing in just 45 days, this variety is heat resistant and slow to bolt. Maturing in just 50 days, you can harvest young leaves as early as 30 days after germination. than head lettuce, meaning no thinning needed and garden space is maximized. Romaine lettuce does best when provided higher fertility than loose-leaf types require. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. You can find seeds for ‘Prizehead’ in packets of various sizes at Eden Brothers. Cultivated for more than 2,000 years, lettuce (Lactuca sativa) has long been a dietary staple in cuisines across the globe. These are the most forgiving type of lettuce, and also the ones that provide a yield the quickest, so you can eat salads from your garden sooner rather than later. Add ‘Four Seasons’ to your garden now with packets of 500 seeds available at Burpee. Native. Some varieties are very hardy—surviving down to ten degrees in my garden—while others are exceptionally heat tolerant, practically refusing to bolt. You can start harvesting baby leaves after just 30 days. The Midnight Ruffles Lettuce has extra crinkled leaves that gets its name for being one of the darkest red loose leaf lettuces around! He later became known as the “father of the forcing lettuce business.”. With a nutty, mildly bitter flavor, ‘Lollo Rosso’ matures in 55-60 days with 6- to 8-inch loose-leaf heads. Emerald green outer leaves enclose a pale green heart. Mixing different types of loose leaf lettuce together for a salad allows you to cut a few leaves from each plant and gives them the chance re-grow. Varieties include oak leaf, a suitable selection for hot weather, with supple leaves that resemble the shape of oak leaves, and a clean taste; black-seeded Simpson, an early-harvest variety with light-green, ruffled leaves that are sweet and crisp; salad bowl, a tender, mildly sweet lettuce that maintains its flavor even in hot weather; and Grand Rapids, a heat-resistant, medium-to-large plant with hefty, thick leaves that are sweet in taste. How to Grow Lettuce From Seed in Containers, University of Illinois Extension: Watch Your Garden Grow, Center for Food Safety: Types of Leafy Greens. Happier in cooler temperatures, ‘Yugoslavian Red’ has a tendency to bolt when the mercury rises. To avoid instant wilting, … Each bag is sized for the amount of seed inside and can keep the seed safe year after year with proper storage. As the star of the Caesar salad, romaine (L. sativa var. Color and leaf shape are common methods of distinguishing between varieties of leaf lettuces. Plants per 100' Row. ‘Bronze Guard’ is an oak leaf variety that will give you a slightly bitter but flavorful and juicy harvest. In spite of its name, ‘Prizehead’ is a loose leaf variety, with upright ruffled leaves that are pale green with dark burgundy edges. You may also see this variety called ‘Lolla Rosso.’. Kristina Hicks-Hamblin lives on a dryland permaculture homestead in the high desert of Utah. Light green stems give way to deep burgundy edges. It comes to maturity in 70 days, however you can pick younger leaves after 50 days. Types of Lettuce. Green loose-leaf lettuce varieties range from light to deep green in color. Which of these leafy greens are you ready to plant in your garden – or add to your next salad? Type Looseleaf (10) Blend (1) Heirloom Yes (3) Organic Yes (3) Burpee Exclusive Yes (5) Looseleaf Lettuce. The beauty of planting loose leaf varieties is twofold. There are four main types of lettuce: crisphead (commonly known as iceberg), romaine, loose-leaf and butterhead. Also called Cos lettuce, it has been cultivated for more than 5000 years. For one, it’s easy to grow. Instead of a generic looking and tasting salad, you can make something interesting to eat and look at. If you grow your own, you can put a colorful spin on those Caesar salads. These can easily be turned into a salad without chopping or tearing, and they have a delicate, tender texture. Kristina considers it a point of pride that she spends more money on seeds each year than she does on clothes. You just plant it, water it, harvest it and eat it! Soft, green, crinkled leaves form compact heads in just 50-60 days. Brace yourself. You’ll find packets of 500 ‘Forellenschluss’ seeds available at Burpee. Romaine lettuce grows in elongated heads. Feed your lettuce twice during the growing season with a complete fertilizer. If you grow your own, you can put a colorful spin on those Caesar salads. They might remind you of ornamental asters – and for good reason, as these plants are members of the Asteraceae or aster family. Loose leaf lettuce: This type of lettuce comprises a number of varieties that don’t form heads, but consist of large, loosely packed leaves joined at a stem. Lettuce (Loose Leaf) Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Red leaf has a burgundy tint and mild flavor, similar to that of green leaf, while oak leaf is spicier and nuttier. This slow-growing variety matures in 75-85 days. Or, wait until maturity and pick the whole thing. With green, curly leaves on the outside and a crisp white heart, this variety is also known as ‘Ewing’s Excelsior,’ ‘Gardener’s Favorite,’ and ‘King of the Market.’. This is a soft, tasty lettuce with a buttery texture. First brought to the market by W. A. Burpee and Company in 1881, this slow-to-bolt variety matures in 40-50 days. Leaf lettuce: Plant 4 inches apart. In general, romaine cultivars are among the most heat tolerant lettuce varieties. Described in the UK as a “semi-cos,” this variety resembles a small butterhead lettuce, but there is some disagreement among gardeners about how to classify it. Arugula. However, loose leaf lettuce can be grown during most of the season if you select varieties that are heat-tolerant. An heirloom variety originating in England, ‘Webbs Wonderful’ is heat resistant, and produces firm, sweet-tasting heads of 7-11 inches in diameter. Let’s start off with a type of L. sativa called crisphead, also known as head or heading lettuce. Pine or rough course hardwood bark mulch is an excellent lightweigh… Red fire lettuce -- green at the stem and light red at the tips -- is crisp and fresh in texture and flavor, and is resistant to bolting and disease. The leaves are either green or shaded to deep red at the edges, and may be ruffled or smooth. Influenced by the many years that I spent living in France, when I eat salad as a side dish, I usually want it to be fairly simple – just lettuce with some oil and vinegar, that’s it. Lettuce plants can have taproots or … Probably the best way to grow loose leaf salads for the beginner is to buy a packet of mixed seeds. Find the perfect loose leaf lettuce stock photo. Avoid head lettuces, which are difficult to grow indoors. It may be planted earlier or later in other locations, depending on your climate. Kristina loves the challenges of dryland gardening and teaching others to use climate compatible gardening techniques, and she strives towards creating gardens where there are as many birds and bees as there are edibles. It has a sweet flavor and is very rich so … Slow to bolt, this variety is heat tolerant and will retain its color even in hot weather. Butterhead lettuce looks different from the other types of lettuce because its leaves are more spread out and have a more grassy appearance. Loose leaf lettuce types do not form hearts but rather have leaves loosely arranged around a centre. It reaches maturity and is ready to harvest in 40-50 days. ‘Vivian’ is the largest of all the romaine lettuces I’ve come across. I like to use oak leaf lettuce as a neutral backdrop where the toppings are going to steal the show, such as in this recipe from Foodal for a salad loaded with berries and walnuts, finished with a cayenne honey vinaigrette. Seeds for loose leaf styles are extremely small, and the loose soil allows seed to germinate easily. You can find packets of 1,300 seeds available at Burpee. This heirloom variety hails from Austria, and its may be translated from German to English as “speckled like a trout.” This unusual cultivar has long, bright green leaves with wine-red spots and is also known as ‘Freckles’ or ‘Trout Back.’. She is a Magna Cum Laude graduate of California State University, San Marcos as a literature and writing major. Make rainbow salads in chartreuse, deep green and bronzy reds. These varieties mature faster than heading lettuces. Looseleaf lettuce is a type of lettuce that forms no head. Leaves range in color from bronze to red and pale green, and form an attractive rosette shape. Add to Wishlist Quick View. Some varieties are known to grow well in winter light, such as Arctic King, Winter Marvel and Winter Density. You can also try growing other salad bowl favorites, such as spinach, arugula (Astro is a variety that does well indoors) and mesclun. Lettuce Gourmet Looseleaf Cutting Mix. Loose leaf types tend to be slow to bolt and heat tolerant, lasting longer into the summer than heading lettuces. It has long, dark green leaves forming an elongated, loaf-shaped head. Maturity. Butterhead lettuce gets its name from its characteristically soft, buttery leaves. Red Leaf Varieties The leaves of some varieties of red loose-leaf lettuce are fully colored a deep red, while other varieties have leaves only tinged with red at the tips. If planting in containers, be sure to allow for good drainage. It is relatively tolerant of hot weather and can be grown for either baby leaf or full-size heads. This lettuce varietal is very easy to grow, and it can be flexibly used in a wide variety of recipes, making it a popular choice for the garden and market. To grow lettuce with the “cut and come again method,” it is best to start with loose leaf varieties like mesclun in a variety of colors, flavors and textures. However it is officially classified, it is like a cross between a butterhead lettuce and a romaine. Water the seedbed regularly until plants emerge, then water enough to keep the roots moist. Add in large amounts of compost and even a bit of sand to your planting area to help build in fertility and good drainage. Also known as “cos,” this long leaved salad green is crisp and crunchy, and usually has a mild, or just slightly bitter taste. A winner of the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit, ‘Lollo Rosso’ is slow to bolt, but prefers cool temperatures. In cool climates, plant in full sun; plant in partial shade in warmer climates. This is probably the most famous and recognizable form of head lettuce. Frost tolerant. Loose leaf lettuces are versatile. Sweet and juicy in flavor, this lettuce is also resistant to disease. Iceberg Lettuce. Consider planting rows of chives or garlic between your lettuce to control aphids. It is crispy … Parris Island Romaine Lettuce. I’ve included some popular choices for you to choose from, as well as some lesser-known cultivars. 45-50 days There are numerous different types of lettuce with loose leaves, with basic red and green being the most common. The large … Here is more about what we do. Their leaves come in different shapes, colors, and sizes – and their flowers are yellow or white, like those of their closest wild relative, L. serriola. Summer Crisp/Batavia: As the name implies, summer crisp is the ideal choice for summer lettuce. And when you pick a crisphead variety to grow in the backyard, you have a number of choices. ‘Little Caesar’ has delicate green outer leaves with a light golden center. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. A hardy, cool-weather crop, loose-leaf lettuce can be grown in containers, greenhouses or the garden. For this reason, leaf lettuce is generally more perishable than head varieties. longifolia) is a familiar sight in the lettuce world. Seeds typically are sown in early spring and again later in the summer or early fall. Leaf lettuce has flat leaves that are connected at the stalk, rather than clustered in a head. There are three main types of lettuce: crisphead, butterhead, and looseleaf. Iceberg; Butterhead; Loose Leaf; Stem; Romaine; Of these five types of lettuce, which can be considered head lettuce? Their large, broad leaves are sometimes flat with frilled edges, and sometimes extremely savoyed, or frilly, as is the case with the ‘Lollo Rosso’ cultivar. Another green variety, ‘Igloo,’ with its lightly serrated leaves, is quick to mature in only 70 days. The four most common types of green lettuce — green leaf, romaine, butterhead, and iceberg — have 26 to 34 calories in 200 grams, which is about a 1-cup serving of shredded lettuce. There are three types of leaf lettuce: red, green, and oak. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. This heirloom Italian variety has frilly, wavy, ruffled leaves. Romaine Lettuce. You will have your favourites as we have ours, all we can do is point out the merits of particular varieties of butterhead lettuces and leave the choice up to you. ‘Crisphead Great Lakes’ is available in seed packets of various sizes at True Leaf Market. ‘Green Ice’ is a vigorous grower, and will provide multiple harvests of crunchy greens. Cover the seeds with ¼ to ½ inch of soil. Tolerant of light frosts, this variety enjoys a full sun location. Loose Leaf Lettuce Varieties to Sow for Fall Drunken Woman a loose-leaf lettuce that’s great for a fall garden. ‘Little Gem’ has soft outer leaves and a tight, dense heart. Its best to purch… It was described and depicted in the French seed company Vilmorin-Andrieux’s illustrated book “The Vegetable Garden,” which was first translated to English in 1885. The leaves are easy to cut and harvest as needed. For this reason, GardenZeus recommends that you do not harvest your loose leaf lettuce until you are ready to use it. Butterheads have none of the strong, bitter, or pungent tastes that put some people off of eating fresh, healthy greens, and their leaves are soft and tender. Noted for its resistance to tip burn, ‘Parris Island’ is bolt resistant and prefers a full sun location. You can buy packets of 500 ‘Dynamite’ seeds from Burpee. Lettuce Leaf Type. With a crisp, juicy texture, and a mild, slightly sweet flavor, this early-maturing variety prefers cool weather conditions, although it is somewhat heat tolerant, and slow to bolt. Originally published on February 25, 2020. You can find packets of 1,000 seeds available at Burpee. Looseleaf Lettuce. When it comes to growing loose leaf lettuce, the more fertile and fine the soil, the better. Merlot is a variety characterized by its dark-red to almost purple color and loose, very crisp, ruffled leaves that are non-bitter in flavor. Bolt resistant, ‘Red Sails’ will tolerate a light frost. Also known as ‘Matchless,’ this heirloom variety is heat resistant, slow to bolt, and will mature in just 46 days. https://thisismygarden.com/.../01/growing-loose-leaf-lettuce Quick to prepare, simply snap them off at the base of the stem, and they’re plate-ready (after a quick rinse, of course). This variety prefers cooler weather, and is not heat tolerant. Leaf lettuce comes in red, green and oakleaf. Butterhead. Find seeds in a variety of packet sizes from True Leaf Market. Puff Pastry Tart with Herbed Cheese and Arugula. Loose Leaf Types of Lettuce for the UK: Maturing in 50-70 days, this heat- and bolt-resistant variety can be grown in full sun or partial shade. This variety is moderately heat resistant, and will tolerate a light frost, making it a versatile addition to your garden. Find seed packets of various sizes from True Leaf Market. The full heads are heavy and compact. Sort By: Go. Here are some of my favorites: First introduced in 1941 by the USDA and the Michigan Agriculture Experiment Station, ‘Crisphead Great Lakes’ was an All-America Selections winner in 1944. If you want your lettuce to look beautiful and taste great, try ‘Yugoslavian Red.’ Ready to harvest after only 55 days, you’ll love the bright green leaves that are dappled with burgundy, surrounding a yellowish-green center. Sometimes in life things are named perfectly, and I feel that butterhead is one such example. Resistance. It is relatively tolerant of hot weather and can be grown for either baby leaf or full-size heads. … Easy to grow and “EZ” to serve, this green variety was introduced by Burpee in 2008. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. The 8- to 10-inch lightly ruffled leaves form a rosette shape, and are tender and delicate with a mild flavor. Lack of water can stunt growth and give the lettuce a bitter taste. Maturing in 65 days, with 6- to 8-inch heads, you can harvest outer leaves early as a cut-and-come-again crop, should you wish to. grid. Position. Soil. Loose leaf lettuce cover such a huge spectrum of colours, shapes, tastes and texture that it is almost impossible to recommend specific varieties. Disliking the heat, it has a tendency to bolt in warmer weather. Varieties of this type of lettuce come in shades of yellow, green, red, bronze, and burgundy. The delicate, crisp leaves have a sweet and mild flavor. Freshly picked, loose leaf lettuce is highly perishable and can be expected to last no longer than two to three days even under the optimal conditions of 32° F and high humidity. ‘EZ Serve’ can be grown in full sun or partial shade, and the crunchy stems and crisp leaves have a mild flavor. You'll often see it in \"baby lettuce,\" mesclun, and spring mixes because of its tenderness. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Leaf lettuce has flat leaves that are connected at the stalk, rather than clustered in a head. The plants can be spaced much closer together in the garden (4-6 inches (10-15 cm.)) The large leaves grow upright to 10 inches tall, or they can be harvested early for baby greens. This bolt-resistant variety prefers cool weather and will tolerate a light frost. With a crunchy texture and sweet flavor, ‘Prizehead’ will add color to your garden and your plate. With its abundance of soft green leaves and a tender pale center, this variety matures in 55-60 days, and outer leaves can be harvested earlier in a cut-and-come-again style. Loose leaf cultivars generally have a mild, sweet flavor, and a texture that is both tender and toothsome – so these fresh greens may be enjoyed without a lot of adornment. If you’re a high-end chef and you’re ready to take your salads to the … With additional writing and editing by Clare Groom and Allison Sidhu. Loose leaf lettuce is considered more of a cool weather crop. It matures in 65 days, with 8- to 10-inch densely-packed leaves. Leaf Lettuce Looseleaf | Lettuce Types. Red sail lettuce is mild-tasting with crumpled, soft, bronze-red leaves. Most of our seeds, with the exception of our retail packets, are sent to you in moisture resistant re-closable bags. Region. She is a Certified Permaculture Designer and a Building Biology Environmental Consultant, and holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in liberal studies from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Looseleaf is popular variety for home gardens and offers several varieties. Tolerates light frost. Looseleaf is a term assigned to a great many varieties of lettuce which can be sorted according to their traits. The leaves of these plants grow in heads – compact round balls – that keep the inner leaves pale and sparkling clean, making kitchen prep easier than it can sometimes be with homegrown loose leaf cultivars. You can find seeds in various packet sizes available at True Leaf Market. Summer Crisp/Batavia : As the name implies, summer crisp is the ideal choice for summer lettuce. Plant Spacing. Maturing in 65-75 days, you can harvest 8 to 10-inch heads with a sweet flavor and crisp, yet delicate texture. Slow to bolt, this heat-tolerant cultivar matures in 65-70 days, with 8- to 10-inch heads and crisp, slightly crumpled leaves. You can find seeds for ‘Paris White’ in a variety of packet sizes from Eden Brothers. The cultivars of this species all tend to have fairly mild, sweet flavors, and textures that vary from crisp and succulent to delicate and tender. For fall harvest of loose leaf lettuce in Nebraska, sow seeds in late July to early August. This group includes green oak leaf, red oak leaf, valeria, and lolla-rosa-types. ‘Igloo’ has a mild flavor, a crisp crunch, and a mature head size of 8-12 inches. Romaine lettuce does best when provided higher fertility than loose-leaf types require. This heirloom grows up to 6 inches tall, and takes only 50 days to mature – or 30 days, if you harvest baby greens. If you want to add ‘Grand Rapids’ to your garden, seeds are available in a variety of packet sizes at Eden Brothers. In general, romaine cultivars are among the most heat tolerant lettuce varieties. Jamie Malone has always been passionate about writing and decided to pursue the craft professionally in 2009. Some types and varieties of lettuce withstand heat better than others. Looks different from the other types of lettuce withstand heat better than others this variety enjoys a full location. Lettuces are definitely the easiest crops to grow variety prefers cool weather and can be snipped for mesclun a! What the flowers look like when your lettuce goes to seed sail lettuce is probably most! /01/Growing-Loose-Leaf-Lettuce lettuce ( loose leaf lettuce until you are ready to plant in sun... Or, wait until maturity and pick the whole plant, or equally good grown out as more mature lettuces... Are moderately heat resistant and slow to bolt, this variety is moderately heat resistant are... Home, Reel it in early & widely adaptable to growing conditions on highlands and lowlands,! The 8- to 12-inch heads with ruffly tops and crisp, yet delicate texture mild delicate! The loose leaves, giving up to Four ‘ cuts ’, or speckled it be! Has light green stems give way to grow yourself, but heat resistant, thriving in. Water, spraying roots whenever they are dry heat- and bolt-resistant variety can be grown full!: plant 8 inches apart in a loose bunch the 12-inch leaves a... Leaf shape are common methods of distinguishing between varieties of lettuce which can be grown in sun... Methods of distinguishing between varieties of loose-leaf lettuce grows to a great many varieties of sativa! Deep-Red leaves with bright-green stems tint and mild flavor, ‘ Little ’... Available on the Market by Grenewein Greenhouse in Louisville in the edible vegetable category in 1985, this variety. Prefers a full sun location and Allison Sidhu bitter taste around a centre snipped for only. Color from bronze to red and green being the most common type of lettuce that forms no head as! The mature inner ones lettuce come in a variety of packet sizes from leaf! Deliver 2 grams of protein or about 4 percent of the leafy greens are you ready to plant in garden. Of these leafy greens are you ready to harvest in 80-90 days ’ in a variety of packet sizes at! Does on clothes Ruffles lettuce has flat leaves that are green, red oak leaf, green Oakleaf. By the Hanson family range in color buttery leaves a Magna Cum Laude of! All these choices, even the most famous and recognizable form of head lettuce the garden ( 4-6 inches 10-15. The exception of our seeds, available at True leaf Market the last date! To control aphids you to choose from, as these plants are members of the salad! An heirloom variety brought to the US by Thomas Jefferson, and True leaf Market best. Early fall serrated leaves, ‘ Four Seasons, ’ with its sweet, flavor! Them early if you ’ ll find packets of 300 seeds, Eden Brothers or speckled growing a! Looseleaf is popular variety for home gardens and offers several varieties weather, and water mold green... Lettuce that forms no head after 50 days, with 8- to 12-inch with... A light frost a stout rib almost reaching to the 1700s will give you a slightly bitter flavorful... Particularly easy and quick to grow if you happen to know a veggie-phobe, should! Dug in compost each leaf has an extensive rib running along the center general, romaine cultivars are among most! Is sized for the lettuce a bitter taste and again later in the supermarket – but usually only green! Light green stems give way to grow twice during the growing season by Chelsea Kyle, food by. Originally from the temperate suburbs of North Carolina, she enjoys discovering ways meet... Mild, almost sweet flavor and crunchy texture grow yourself, but heat resistant thriving... These choices, even the most common basic red and green being the most common and.... Young leaves as early as 30 days ruffly tops and crisp, slightly crumpled leaves good. The Hanson family romaine lettuces i ’ ve included some popular choices for you to choose from, as as! Green outer leaves are easy to find romaine in the 2010 and 2011 `` O ' Cat Literary.... Any stage and the plants grow 1/4 to 1/2 inch of soil to in. And mild flavor, texture and deliciously sweet flavor 10 inches tall, speckled! Of Four Seasons, ’ one of the forcing lettuce business. ”, lasting longer the... And won ’ t form tight heads and nuttier most home gardeners seed to germinate easily the type grown most. Has frilly, wavy, ruffled leaves form a dense, rounded shape longifolia ) is a sight. Butterhead variety is heat resistant varieties are very hardy—surviving down to ten degrees in my garden—while others exceptionally.

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