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Graph showing deflation in the 1920s and 1930s. Before we understand why deflation can be good for the economy, we need to understand why it is considered to be bad for the economy. Is … But a lot of either is, because they feed on themselves. Deflation is when the general prices levels in a country are falling – as opposed to inflation when prices rise. Deflation of the money stock, which as a rule is followed by a general fall in prices, strengthens the producers of wealth, thereby revitalizing the economy. Ask an Economist. If deflation occurs, people choose to hold on to savings instead of spending it today, since prices will be lower tomorrow – and even lower next week – and even lower in a month, etc. Is it such a bad thing? Deflation is not always bad (contrarian view) Some people may raise an issue with the view that deflation is definitely and categorically bad for real estate investors. However, these bad side effects are not caused by deflation but rather by the previous inflation. When prices go up and the power of the dollar goes down, the economy is experiencing inflation. Why Deflation Is More Harmful than Inflation. Inflation is not about general increases in prices as such, but about the increase in the money supply. Because of this, it's inverse, deflation… So why then is a rate of inflation of 10% or higher regarded by experts as a bad thing? With societal memories of stagflation and hyperinflation, inflation is typically seen as a bad thing. So, why are some of them calling for "aggressive monetization" to avoid the deflation threat in the U.S. and Europe? Presumably, he believes this delay in spending … In the twentieth century, periods of deflation have been relatively rare. The Theory about Deflation. These people say that it isn’t always bad and this is why. Leading Keynesian Paul Krugman, in a 2010 New York Times article titled “Why Deflation is Bad,” cited deflation as the cause of falling aggregate demand since “when people expect falling prices, they become less willing to spend, and in particular less willing to borrow.”1. Fear of deflation, or falling prices, is scaring central banks in the eurozone and Japan. When there is deflation, a real estate investor’s cash flow falls from say $5,000 to $4,000 and … Why is deflation bad? The circular flow of money concept is at the root of the defamation of deflation. Obviously, the side effects that accompany deflation are never pleasant. The most significant period of deflation … As a rule … This can make a bad economic situation worse. Question: Although I studied economics at an undergraduate level and have spent almost a decade working for financial advisers, I've never understood the idea of target inflation ranges or why some countries are described as 'struggling with low inflation'. 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